How to learn to play independently of the child from two to three years
The game gives the child a lot of pleasure and joy. But the game is not only fun. It is of great importance for physical and mental development of the child. While playing, he moves a lot, talking, acting with various objects, acquainted with their properties. In the game develop memory, attention, imagination, ingenuity.
The child is 2-3 years in the game usually imitates what he sees and hears, and thus he reinforces in his mind, the memory of what he routinely sees.
In the game are formed in nature and norms of behavior of the child, i.e. attitudes, relationships with others, the evaluation of actions. Therefore, we should not care what and how to play our child. In that respect should not be guided by the adage: “What would the child have anything he wants, just to “not cry”.
The child is in the third year of life it can find something to do and for a long time, up to an hour and a half to play one. The ability of the child to play, practice should be strongly promoted. This should be done not only because independent of the child’s play give the adult the opportunity to do their own thing, but mainly because it is good for the child.
‘s learning help children to develop initiative, ability to overcome difficulties, persistence in achieving goals and other valuable qualities. How often do we see that the child does not know how to play one: he is lively, active only when it is busy some of the elders.
What you need to do to ensure that the child is able interesting, varied, with the benefit of the development of self-play? To do this we just need to give him appropriate toys.
We have said that the game is serious business for both the child and make it that everyone in the family should be treated. Not to interfere with the child to play, to forbid him sometimes run around the room, jump. We have to make sure that the child got the opportunity to satisfy their need for movement, but he didn’t break a normal life as an adult and that adults had the opportunity to perform the necessary work and relax.
It is quite possible to do, if to think in advance and to take seriously the organization of family life, taking into account the interests of all. For example, toys that require to play with them a lot of motion and space, it is better to give the child while walking. To carry out cleaning of the room should not when the child plays, and when he sleeps or walks. When parents relax after work or older children teach the lessons, the child should be calm take games, to offer him to look at pictures, play cubes, draw.
Allowing the child to play independently, we must remember that he still needs dealing with older, their help and guidance. Adults (parents or older children) must show interest in the child’s play, from time to time to ask: “let me see, what did you do?”, “And where are you going?” etc.
It is especially important to support the desire of the child to devote to adult their game. It is necessary not only to approve or to praise the baby, but also ask a question that would have forced him to complicate the game, make it longer and interesting.
From time to time adults have to participate in the game of the child to maintain interest in it, to help in case of an arising difficulties, teach proper use of new or complex toys (for example, how to add mark, start the car); to amuse, to amuse him; to teach him a careful, gentle handling of the doll; to suggest how else can you play this or that toy is recalled that the doll before laying down to sleep, need to wash that drink milk from a Cup and not from the plate that the tea doll need to put sugar (imaginary); to distract from the image in games negative phenomena, etc.
But all this must be done, not imposing a kid of the game’s content, just trying to complicate, to add variety to a free play of the child, to make it more focused, to develop the ability to bring it started to end, persistently to overcome small difficulties.
One should not be overly protective of the child and all the time to play with him or give him permanent instructions, like: “you can’t, do this”, “You do not know, let me make you,” etc.