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  There are three types of this neurological disorder. Most distributed mixed variant: hyperactivity when combined with impaired attention. The most rare case when hyperactivity is manifested in its purest…

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What you should know and be able child

Each period in the child’s development is very important and is associated with the knowledge, skills and abilities that need to get the kid to a particular age.

I would like to once again draw the attention of parents that the rules apply to most children, but not all. Indeed, the development of each child individually and depends on many factors. So do not worry if at this time your child can not do: it will take time, and with your help, he learns that necessarily.

So, let’s turn to what should be able to do the child at the age of two.

The area of physical development includes assessment of motor skills. At this age the most important aspect is the coordination and coherence of the movements. The better your child knows his body, meaning he could control it and manage it, the easier it is to learn about the world and learn new, unknown to him earlier activities.

Coordination of movements is determined by the development of large and fine motor skills.

Large motor skills are those movements that are associated with the movement of the body in space (e.g., walking, running). To two years toddler:

· can run;

· able to climb and descend the stairs, touching each step with one foot;

· able to jump (jump up, jump through a Hoop or lying on the ground obstacle, jump on one foot);

· able to March;

· can hit the ball a foot;

· can walk backwards;

· able to maintain balance on the beam.

Fine motor skills are precise and fluid arm movements and their coordination with vision (for example when you need to take out some toys lying just where I want).

By this age the child should be able to:

· to draw a vertical line;

· build a tower or a house from 4-6 cubes;

· cut paper, holding scissors in one hand.

In addition, I would like to note that already at this age the baby begins to develop right – or left-handedness. In everyday life it is possible to see on which hand your child prefers to do an interesting job for him. But while this is only the training of arms, and to say definitively who is your child is a Lefty, righty or Ambidextrous (who are equally fluent in two hands), it will be possible only by 5 years.

The main task at this stage is to continue to provide the child the freedom to exercise coordination and agility training. More attention should be paid to the development of fine motor skills. This is because, at this age there is a direct relationship between the development of fine hand movements and speech development.

Scientists have found that in the cortex of the brain areas that are responsible for fine movements of our hands, are in close proximity to areas responsible for speech development. That is, developing fine motor skills of the child, you thereby contribute to the development of his speech.

The area of cognitive, or intellectual, development considers the peculiarities of mental processes (memory, attention, language, thinking, perception).

To assess the degree of development of mental processes in the child to two years is possible on the following criteria:

· the baby responds to music or rhythm, swaying and bobbing to the beat;

· performs simple instructions and requests, involving two or three steps;

· repeats part of children’s poems or tells them to be with anyone from adults;

· seeks to dismantle or break the piece to examine it (the manifestation of a research position);

· knows 130-200 words;

· combines words into simple sentences and short phrases.

At this age it is the main leading mental process that significantly affect the intellectual development of the child. Psychologists call the period from 1.5 to 3 years sensitive, i.e., sensitive to the active development of speech.

At this age the brain structures responsible for speech, are most susceptible to the influence of environment, facilitating learning of the native language.

It develops in several directions: mastered grammatical rules for constructing phrases that ends with the mastery of the pronunciation of speech sounds, develop the ability to Express ideas coherently in speech form, improved speech understanding. Therefore understand the concerns and anxieties of parents whose children are silent and don’t talk.

The area of social development includes the skills and abilities of the child to interact with the outside world and communicate with other people. It should be noted that in this age of great importance to acquire self-help skills.

So, to two years the child should be able to:

· to ask and potty; interested to refer to the process of dressing or are willing to adopt the right posture (pulling the foot when wearing shoes that raise pens during donning sweatshirts, etc.), even try to dress themselves; to wash and dry your hands; eat on their own and be able to drink from a Cup; to be able to use a fork, spoon; brush your teeth with the help of an adult;

· imitate adult behavior (e.g., trying to help his parents at home, seek to talk on the phone).

Advice to parents about raising children in school and at home
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Formation of independence
  Semenyuk L. M. reader in developmental psychology: textbook for students/ed. by D. I. Feldstein: edition 2, revised. – Moscow: Institute of practical psychology, 1996. – 304 p. The formation…

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