Teach your child to crawl: practical exercise
Experts agree that crawling – optional, but very desirable stage in a child’s development, and it is better if this step is preceded by the walk and lasts 2-3 months: crawling will prepare the musculoskeletal system to stress when walking.
Moreover, from the provisions of “standing on all fours” the child will be much easier to learn to sit and stand. The use of pins lies in the fact that it trains the hand, establishes a connection between the right and left hemispheres of the brain (and, hence, improves coordination, helps to better control the body, to avoid dysgraphia and dyslexia) and contributed to the accelerated neuro-psychic development – because the more a child moves, the more he learns.
Whether to teach your child to crawl and, if so, in what cases? Many mothers believe: every child has its own rhythm of development, and rightly so. But with the help of parents this rhythm you can speed up: according to the doctors, even the weakened children from birth gymnastics and massage, to year significantly outperform their peers. And especially, should help the kid to master this necessary step as crawling, if a child is lagging behind age norms for development.
It is believed that the beginning of the period of pins should be between the ages of 4 to 8 months. If in 8 months, the baby does not attempt to walk on all fours or he does it very poorly, he needs help with the help of special exercises. These exercises will be discussed further.
But before that you need to make an important remark: before classes begin it is best to consult with doctors – a pediatrician, a neurologist, an orthopedist. The baby can crawl, if he has health problems (Hyper – or hypotonia, problems with the locomotor apparatus), for example, weakness of the muscles of the arms will interfere to lean on hands, which means – to stand and walk on all fours. Stimulation of such a disabled child can lead to injury. Therefore, before the execution of the exercises will need to strengthen the muscular system with the help of massage. If the doctors reported that the child’s health everything is in order, it is safe to start exercising.
Exercise 1. Forming a stable support to direct the outstretched arms.
For crawling need good support on straight arms, as well as the ability to rely on only three points. To 6 months child, “prone”, should be able to get up to direct his outstretched hands and even capture located to the front of the toy with one hand, leaning on another. If he isn’t able, he should help, stimulating toys:
Place your baby on his stomach, suspend the front of the toy above the level of the baby’s head. To grab the toy, the child will have to raise the upper torso on his outstretched hands, and changing the supporting arm, reach for toys. If the child shows no interest in the toy, first by holding it low down ahead of the baby, give the baby to touch it, and then lift up.
Exercise 2. Learn to work with your hands, lying on his stomach, strengthen the vestibular system.
Formed roll of rolled up blankets and placed under the chest lying on the stomach (for example, on the couch) to the child so that the head and hands hanging off the cushion, and the belly and feet are on the surface of the sofa. In this position, the child may need two hands to take toys and turn his head in all directions.
Exercise 3. Learn to stand on all fours.
Under the belly of the baby put a cushion or rolled up blanket so that the arms and legs hanging down on both sides of the pillow, and his chest and abdomen as he lay on the pillow. Then the kid is forced to stand on all fours. The same effect can be achieved if the mother sits on the floor, bring legs together and put them on the child face down. Swing back and forth a child in this situation.
Exercise 4. Learn to stand on my knees (runs, if not the previous exercise).
Some children persistently do not want to stand on my knees – they rise on the straight arms and legs, as if to get up “the bridge” to the ” face down, although in a different position – sitting or lying on the back – the child can easily flexes the knees. Before you put on all fours, the child should be taught to stand on my knees.
To do this, the child presses his back to his stomach, clasps under the arms with one hand, and the second set on a soft surface (e.g., sofa) not of the feet and knees, so smooth a baby’s back remains pressed against your body and knees he stands on the surface. You can try to help the baby to walk in this position (knees) on the surface. When the child get used to standing on my knees, slowly drop forward so that he leaned handles to the surface of the sofa and was on all fours. In this position, swing it back and forth.
Exercise 5. Learn to move the legs, standing on all fours.
Placed high on the floor mattress. Put the baby on the floor and put his chest on the mattress so that he elbows resting on the surface of the mattress and knees on the floor. Themselves up from the opposite end of the mattress and move it to themselves. The child begins forced to move knees, as support for his upper body is moving forward. It is better to use a wide mattress, as if a child suddenly in the process “drive” roll over on his side, he wouldn’t hit his head on the floor and touch the soft surface of the mattress.
Exercise 6. Learn to move the handle (“car”).
Raise the child above the surface (easier –), keep one hand under the chest, second hand lift your legs. With outstretched palms of the hands, the child leans on the table. Push the child forward so that he begins to move his hands. Better found on the table to put the toy to the child had an incentive to reach for a toy and move forward.
Exercise 7. Learn to crawl on all fours.
It is better to perform together with the assistant. Put the baby on the floor on all fours, the one responsible for moving the hands of a child, another – feet. When one adult moves forward the right hand of the baby, the other pushes the left leg, and Vice versa. Better to put ahead an interesting toy.
Teaching baby to crawl, do not forget about three things. First, even the strongest child will not be seeking to crawl, if he has no incentive in the form of toys that need to be spread out on the floor. Secondly, the child will crawl the sooner, the sooner it will begin to put on the floor and the more time he will be there to spend. And thirdly, children learn best by example, so mothers are advised to regularly crawl in front of the child on all fours in different directions, including opposite from him, prompting the kid to catch up with mom. Even better if mom will crawl the other child: children often learn by example to the other children.