Psychological trauma, such as lack of attention, lack of love given to the parents of the child, as well as other problems of a young child in the family are the main causes and roots of future psychological problems. If this person wants to understand the reasons why one or another psychological problem exists in his life, he will have to go back and to remember his difficult childhood.
Few can argue that his childhood was completely cloudless and happy. As a rule, most of us in a small child faced with a lack of attention . pay older, have experienced a lack of love and rejection of the very fact of its existence. All this inevitably contributed to the origin of those or other psychological trauma in children, which later resulted in specific psychological problems.
Man, being born, needs main things – unconditional love and infinite attention. Few people are born into extremely wealthy families. And few whose parents show unconditional love to their children. On the contrary, the prevailing part of the families (judging by the experience of Russia, it is about ninety percent of the total number according to unofficial statistics) – unsuccessful . The problems of a small child in such families are diverse: it can be single-parent families, Continue reading
Parenting is one of the key parental tasks, which, as a complex mathematical equation may have many solutions. Ways and means of solving this very difficult and responsible tasks are called methods of education. Depending on the age of the child, his behavior and personality, parents can apply a variety of methods of education. The choice of parents used methods of education largely depends on how the parents themselves were brought up, how is the level of pedagogical and psychological knowledge, also largely depends on what values a priority for the family, how parents realize the importance of education and the role assigned to them.
Important role when choosing methods of education is the parent’s behavior, which can be authoritarian, a complacent and democratic.
Parenting techniques not only allow to create a harmonious, Mature personality, sometimes they become the causes of many psychological complexes.
Basic methods of education
Method conversation or beliefs. This method can be applied in the education of children of different ages and with any character. During the conversation, the parent explains, and argues for how one ought to behave in a given situation, figures out the motives of the baby. The tone of the speech of the parent in conversation should be calm, confident and solid. Continue reading
In the beginning of the last century, scientists proved the existence of 4 groups of blood. How are inherited by child blood group?
The Austrian scientist Karl Landsteiner, mixing the serum of some people with red blood cells taken from the blood of others, found that for certain combinations of red blood cells and serum is “bonding” – the clumping of red blood cells and clots, while others have not.
Exploring the structure of red blood cells, Landsteiner discovered the particular substance. He divided them into two categories, A and b, highlighting the third, where he carried the cage in which they were not. Later, his disciples – A. von Decastella and A. Storli – found cells containing the markers and type at the same time.
The studies have any system of division into groups of blood, which was called AVO. This system we still use today.
I ( 0 ) – blood group is characterized by the absence of antigens A and b;
II ( A) is installed in the presence of antigen A;
III ( AB ) – antigen;
IV( AB ) – antigens A and B.
This discovery made it possible to avoid losses if transfusions caused by incompatibility between the blood of patients Continue reading