In the beginning of the last century, scientists proved the existence of 4 groups of blood. How are inherited by child blood group?
The Austrian scientist Karl Landsteiner, mixing the serum of some people with red blood cells taken from the blood of others, found that for certain combinations of red blood cells and serum is “bonding” – the clumping of red blood cells and clots, while others have not.
Exploring the structure of red blood cells, Landsteiner discovered the particular substance. He divided them into two categories, A and b, highlighting the third, where he carried the cage in which they were not. Later, his disciples – A. von Decastella and A. Storli – found cells containing the markers and type at the same time.
The studies have any system of division into groups of blood, which was called AVO. This system we still use today.
I ( 0 ) – blood group is characterized by the absence of antigens A and b;
II ( A) is installed in the presence of antigen A;
III ( AB ) – antigen;
IV( AB ) – antigens A and B.
This discovery made it possible to avoid losses if transfusions caused by incompatibility between the blood of patients Continue reading
Communication between parents and children is often not easy. Parents often come complaints of child disobedience, and that the child belongs to radiusim his people without any respect. Not all parents are in authority among children. How to educate children to respect their parents, we will now discuss.
But follow these simple rules training, can still hope that the child will treat you with due measure of respect. First and foremost, the emphasis should be laid on discipline.
All loving parents are advised to pay attention to . where you can watch online your favorite cartoons and feature films – at any time convenient for the whole family!
How to educate children to respect their parents
When raising children it is extremely important to remember that it is the parents in the child’s fundamental traits. The value of the discipline is difficult to overestimate. In any family it would be welcome. But to discipline a child correctly.
Think about how often your child before a specific action asks you to give advice.
All children need a certain order in life. And discipline is most conducive to its formation. The more time Continue reading
Childhood fears – what is it? How do they work? How to help your child cope with them? Where is the line between an age characteristic and pathological fear, when you look for help? These and many other questions are often of concern to parents of children of preschool age.
Fear is one of the main emotions that signal about the threat to the welfare, health, human life; fear is not always a symptom of nervous or mental disease. From the point of view of human evolution, it plays a protective and educational role, contributing to the knowledge of the outside world. In the development of the child’s fear is also a way of separating their own “I” from all foreign and dangerous .
All children’s fears can be divided into two groups: “age, compulsory” and “purchased, the optional” . Under “age” is proposed to understand the fears caused by the patterns of development of the child’s psyche. For example, one-year old child is afraid to release the mother from view. This is because children of this age the concept of time is very vague. They can hardly imagine how much it’s two hours, three days, a month or a year. And if mom and dad disappear from sight, even for a very short time – that for the child Continue reading